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The Hidden Psychology Of Ordering Food Online

09 May

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You might not realize it, but every time you order dinner digitally, you subconsciously order more–whether it’s Domino’s, deli food, or your favorite delivery app.

If you’ve ever stopped for gas in the mid-Atlantic, it might have been at a Sheetz–a major convenience store brand with 450 locations. Rural gas stations aren’t usually the petri dish of prescient technology concepts, but back in 1993, the chain began experimenting with touchscreens to order deli sandwiches. More than 20 years on, Sheetz says the touchscreens (called “order points”) haven’t just become a part of their brand–they actually encourage people to try new foods–and order more of them.

CEO Joe Sheetz told me the touchscreens had some intended effects, too: They reduced the number of times customers claimed sandwiches were made incorrectly, increased turnaround time for the kitchen, and helped upsell items by steering customers towards ordering more toppings.

But the real boon was the touchscreens’ crucial role in introducing new menu items.

When Sheetz introduced espresso-based drinks to their locations in 2007, they faced a challenge: Many of their customers who lived in rural markets were unfamiliar with espresso-based drinks and their various special titles. In response, the company made the drinks prominent on the touchscreen order points, where the user could see pictures of the drinks and clear, easy-to-read descriptions of all the espresso bar items. With a screen-based food ordering system, “you can put descriptors on anything,” says Sheetz.

For food items like sandwiches, salads, and nachos, “People discovered toppings they didn’t know we have. We cannot show a menu with all possible scenarios, but we can in touchscreens. We can offer condiment screens, vegetable screens, and a whole bunch of choices people can take their time going through,” Sheetz said. “You find that some people have interesting tastes, thanks to the touchscreen (laughs). They will put mayo on something you and I would never put mayo on. Some of things you add on to a sandwich are free, others are upcharges, which are right on the button–like bacon, cheese. You can easily put that upcharge right on the sandwich. You wonder how people will fit all the things you order onto a roll when it’s volume heavy!”

Last but not least, the chain is also able to obtain valuable data from the touchscreens. Sheetz’s systems retain data from the touchscreen, which they chain then uses to track item sales, margin management, and inventory management. Next up for Sheetz? They are currently running a test at 35 drive-through locations, where the traditional drive-through loudspeaker is supplemented with a touchscreen for ordering food.

But it’s not just Sheetz that discovered digital orders differed from analog orders.

Why iPad Users Spend More On Food

San Francisco-based online ordering service Eat24 is the younger, scrappier brother to industry giant GrubHub/Seamless. Best known for publicity stunts like sponsoring their own strain of marijuanaand advertising on porn sites, the company has also built an impressive market share with over 25,000 restaurants signed up.

“The difference between online ordering and offline is that most restaurants tell us orders are bigger and higher,” says Eat24’s chief marketing officer Amir Eisenstein. “For example, if you order a pizza over the phone you’ll just tell them to bring an XL pizza and a Coke. But when you go online, you see the whole menu. All of a sudden, people order appetizers, ribs, salads, and stuff they don’t normally order over the phone. They have more time on the menu, they spend more time on the menu, and they order slightly more items than over the phone.”

According to the company, they can even segment behavior by device: Mobile users typically spend more than desktop consumers per order. Eisenstein says there is more revenue from apps than desktop customers, that app users order more frequently than desktop users, and that Eat24’s retention rate for mobile app-first users is higher.

These order rates “also includes customers trying new stuff. When you’re on Eat24, going over the menu, you are exposed to all the options. You’ll try stuff you never thought about ordering over the phone, and that’s something we see across the board at all restaurants.”

 

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