China and the United States have reached a breakthrough in talks on eliminating duties on information technology products, a deal that could pave the way for the first major tariff-cutting agreement at the World Trade Organisation in 17 years.
The breakthrough would allow the “swift conclusion” on talks to expand the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) at the WTO in Geneva later this year, United States Trade Representative Michael Froman told reporters on Tuesday. It would reduce global tariffs on such products as medical equipment, GPS devices, video games consoles and next-generation semiconductors.
“This is encouraging news for the US-China relationship,” Froman said on the sidelines of meetings of the Asia-Pacific Economic Summit (Apec) in Beijing.
“It shows how the US and China work together to both advance our bilateral economic agenda but also to support the multilateral trading system.“
The ITA, which went into effect in 1997, now covers more than $4tn in annual trade, according to the US government. Participants to ITA commit to eliminating tariffs on such items as computers and computer software, telecommunication equipment and other advanced technology products.
An expanded ITA would eliminate tariffs on about $1tn worth of global sales on IT products, Froman said. More than 200 tariff lines will be reduced to zero under the new agreement.
US chamber of commerce executive vice-president Myron Brilliant immediately welcomed the announcement.
“With so many new products created since the ITA was concluded two decades ago, expanding the agreement’s coverage is imperative,” Brilliant said in a statement. “The commercial significance of these negotiations is obvious.“
Talks to update the WTO pact on technology trade broke down due in the summer of 2013 due to disagreements over the scope of coverage of what listed products would be covered by the agreement, said Froman.
“Since that time, the United States and China have been working to close our differences,” Froman said.
The United States and other countries were hopeful that China would agree to an expanded ITA agreement, which requires signatories to eliminate duties on some IT products, during the APEC summit ending on Tuesday.
Washington has blamed China, the world’s biggest exporter of IT products, for derailing the talks by asking for too many exemptions.
“While we don’t take anything for granted, we’re hopeful that we’ll be able to work quickly to bring ITA to a successful conclusion,” Froman said.